Analysis of the hottest packaging and printing ind

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Analysis of China's packaging and printing industry (I)

after the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, with the in-depth development of China's economic system reform, China has gradually got rid of the constraints left by the planned economy era, and the state-owned economy has developed rapidly. Especially in the mid-1990s, after the success of China's economic soft landing, the national economy has maintained a sustained growth of more than 8% for many consecutive years, So that China's comprehensive national strength has been greatly enhanced

driven by the rapid development of the national economy, China's packaging and printing industry, which is matched with social goods, has also developed rapidly, and has attracted the attention of the world with a growth rate of% for many consecutive years. When we walk into supermarkets and shopping malls and see colorful and dazzling goods, we have an impulse to shop. Have we ever thought that packaging and printing have brought us beautiful enjoyment. Successful packaging and printing has indeed enhanced consumers' shopping desire. It not only beautifies life, but also greatly improves the added value of goods and improves the grade of products. Because packaging and printing has so many functions and functions, with the development of national economy, it will inevitably stimulate and drive the development of packaging and printing industry. Therefore, packaging and printing industry is known as "sunrise industry" by the economic community. Because the investment scale of packaging and printing industry is relatively small, the degree of damage to the environment is low (even no pollution), and the ability to absorb labor is relatively strong, it is vigorously supported by the government as an "urban industry". Local governments have given various encouragement and support policies, providing greater space for the development of the packaging and printing industry

I. current situation of China's packaging and printing industry

1. Overview of China's packaging and printing industry

according to relevant data, by the end of 2002, China had about 1million employees engaged in packaging and printing, with a total industrial output value of about 63billion yuan and about 30000 enterprises, including about 1800 state-owned enterprises, accounting for 6%, about 7800 collective enterprises, accounting for 26%, 1200 foreign-funded enterprises, accounting for 4%, and about 19200 joint-stock companies and private enterprises, accounting for 64%

2. Some impressions on the development of China's packaging and printing industry

① China's packaging and printing industry is developing rapidly. According to the data, the total industrial output value of China's packaging and printing industry was about 56billion yuan in 2001, but it increased by about 12% year-on-year in 2002, reaching 63billion yuan. From the development of the printing machinery industry closely related to the packaging and printing industry, this fact can also be verified in the research and development of new materials and process technology. It is understood that the main economic indicators of 42 backbone enterprises in the printing machinery industry have been rising since 2000, with an average annual development rate of more than 16.8%. Therefore, the packaging and printing industry is indeed a "sunrise industry" with rapid development

② diversification of investment subjects. In the era of planned economy, the packaging and printing industry is an industrial ownership pattern dominated by state-owned enterprises and supplemented by collective enterprises. Since the mid and late 1980s, township enterprises have gradually stepped into this industry through joint ventures with state-owned enterprises. Since the 1990s, foreign-funded enterprises have crowded into the Chinese Mainland market. At the same time, private enterprises have developed a lot. In the 21st century, a large number of state-owned enterprises and collective enterprises have been reformed and restructured in order to better meet the competitive needs of the market economy and get rid of the enterprise burden caused by the long-term system, From the overview, we can see that state-owned enterprises and collective enterprises are gradually talking about the packaging and printing industry market, and their proportion in the industrial ownership structure has decreased significantly, and continues to decline

for example, Shanghai packaging (Group) Co., Ltd. (now Shanghai packaging and paper (Group) Co., Ltd., Zhejiang paper and printing industry group Co., Ltd., Guangzhou packaging and Printing Group Co., Ltd., Beijing Printing Group Co., Ltd., which was formerly a famous state-owned packaging and printing enterprise in China, are actively promoting reform, restructuring and reorganization, so as to revitalize the past and establish their position in the industry. The proportion of joint-stock enterprises has increased significantly, including foreign-funded enterprises with international advanced market ideas and successful management experience, as well as dynamic private enterprises with rapid and sensitive market response ability. At the beginning of this century, China's packaging and printing industry has initially formed an industrial pattern with different types, different levels, state-owned, collective, private, joint-stock, foreign-funded and other economic sectors of ownership coexisting. This pattern will be more conducive to fair competition among enterprises and market standardization

③ there are complete categories of printing, and significant progress has been made in printing equipment and enterprise management. According to relevant data, China imported more than 1billion US dollars of various printing machines in 2002, of which 785 sheet fed offset printing machines were imported, about 340million US dollars

before the 1980s, relief printing was the main form of packaging printing in China. Offset printing developed rapidly in the early 1980s and gradually replaced relief printing in many product printing. In the late 1980s, gravure printing rose abruptly. With its excellent printing quality and high printing efficiency, it grew rapidly and matured in China's printing market. In the 1990s, flexographic printing began to become a new favorite in packaging printing. Although flexographic printing accounts for only about 3% of China's packaging printing so far, its growth rate is very amazing. In just a decade, it has risen rapidly from a few to hundreds. Some people exclaim that flexographic printing will replace gravure printing in the near future. Of course, this is only an extreme statement. I personally think this is unlikely, because all kinds of printing methods have their own advantages and limitations. However, this statement reflects the development speed and Prospect of flexographic printing in China

with the rapid development of flexographic printing, plate printing is also widely used in the printing process of many packaging printing products, which greatly expands the application scope of printing and becomes an important printing means in refined packaging printing products. Therefore, at present, packaging printing in China has basically realized the transformation from a single printing method to a variety of printing methods with complete categories. Among them, the proportion of relief printing in the whole printing has decreased from about 70% in the early 1980s to 24%, while offset printing has increased to 44%, gravure printing accounts for 20%, flexo printing accounts for 3%, and others account for 9%. (to be continued)

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